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PHOENIX CONTACT RAD-80211-XD

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 9.9

  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
  • Vendor: Phoenix Contact
  • Equipment: RAD-80211-XD
  • Vulnerability: Command Injection

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to execute system level commands with administrative privileges.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

According to Phoenix Contact, the following products are affected:

  • RAD-80211-XD (2885728), and
  • RAD-80211-XD/HP-BUS (2900047)

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN A COMMAND (‘COMMAND INJECTION’) CWE-77

A WebHMI utility may be exploited by any logged-in user, allowing the execution of arbitrary OS commands on the server. This provides the opportunity for a command injection attack.

CVE-2019-9743 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Communications, Critical Manufacturing, Information Technology
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

3.4 RESEARCHER

Maxim Rupp (RuppIT) working with Phoenix Contact and CERT@VDE reported this vulnerability to NCCIC.

4. MITIGATIONS

Phoenix Contact recommends the following:

Please see VDE-2019-007 at the following location for more details:

https://cert.vde.com/en-us/advisories/vde-2019-007 

NCCIC recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

NCCIC reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

NCCIC also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS-CERT website in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.